1. WHAT IS SILICON?
“SILICON” IS THE SECOND LARGEST NUMBER AFTER OXYGEN IN ALL ELEMENTS ON THE EARTH
Silicon is one of the all elements existing in the universe. The chemical symbol is “Si” and the atomic number is 14. It is also known as “Silica”. Silicon is the second largest number after oxygen, and one of the minerals that exists in soil and rocks in nature. We can say that silicon is a basic component of the Earth itself.
SILICON IS A CONSTITUENT ELEMENT AND AN ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT FOR HUMAN BODY
Silicon, which is major constituent of crust, is a substance that forms soil, sand, stone and rock. Plants such as vegetables grown on that ground absolutely contain silicon absorbed through the plant’s roots. Silicon is a major component of plant-based dietary fiber, which is called “third nutrient”.
Dietary fibers, which we humans consume for our health, contain much silicon. That is to say, silicon that is constituent of the Earth is also an important component of plants growing on ground and human bodies consuming them. Silicon for humans is not only indispensable nutrient but also essential mineral.
Where does silicon exist in human body? It exists in every organ and tissue throughout the body such as hair, nails, bones, muscles, a brain, kidneys, a liver, thymuses, blood vessels and skin. Furthermore, silicon becomes a component material of mitochondria inside cells and also strengthens their function.
THE IMPORTANCE OF SILICON GREAT MEN HAD BEEN HIGHLY INTERESTED IN
In the 19th century, Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist, who had advocated development of vaccine and vaccination, said “Silicon could play a great role in the field of medical treatment.” In the 20th century, Adolf Butenandt, German biochemist, who is a Nobel Prize winner (1939) for “Sex Hormone Research”, said “Silicon has deeply related to the development of life and has been absolutely necessary to maintain life since time immemorial.”
2. SILICON IS NECESSARY FOR HUMAN BODY?
POWERFUL ANTI-OXIDATIVE POTENCY OF SILICON
Anti-oxidative potency is the effect to inhibit oxidation. “Oxidation” – we often take rust of iron for instance – is a phenomenon that substances get deteriorated and aged by rust.
Oxygen is a crucial substance for maintenance of our vital activities. However, active oxygen which turns unstable by excess and deficiency of electrons should damage various parts throughout human body and could contribute heavily to human illnesses and aging.
When we take in oxygen by breathing, most of all the oxygen is used for metabolism. Oxygen is required to convert carbohydrate ingested from rice and bread into glucose and nutrients into energy such as resolving protein like meats, fishes and beans into amino acid, and also required to store energy. However, a part of oxygen converts into active oxygen.
Damage of cells and genes by active oxygen triggers lifestyle disease. For the illness prevention, it is important for us to keep active oxygen from being excessively generated by changing lifestyles, and to prevent oxidation caused by active oxygen by proactive supplement antioxidant, which is a substance to avoid oxidation.
RECOMMENDED SILICON-RICH FOOD
Actually, it is ideal to take in silicon through diets. People these days are exposed to risk of lifestyle disease because of irregularity of their daily diet. We ought to reduce the risk resulted from active oxygen by proactively taking in silicon-rich food which is antioxidant.
The silicon-rich food may include seaweeds such as kelp and Wakame (Undaria pinnatifida), whole grains such as brown rice, barley, foxtail millet and barnyard millet, beans such as soybeans, vegetables such as burdock roots, parsley, radishes, and carrots and shellfishes such as clams and oysters.
So as to take in silicon effectively, it is ideal for us to eat seaweeds, vegetables, beans and grains proactively
“SILICON IS AN ESSENTIAL NUTRIENT” – COMMON KNOWLEDGE IN GERMANY
Possibly, most people are not likely to know about health benefits of silicon in Japan. However, in Europe especially in Germany, silicon is one of the bestselling supplement items. In Germany the concept of supplement is different from Japan. Germans seem to think “supplements are necessary as nutrition, rather than just complementary food”. Germany is one of the countries that provide the highest level medical care in the world. They think that Western and modern medicine are not the only choice of medical care options, and they also practice folk medicine with herbs and medicinal plants. In Germany, when they cure illnesses, they are rationally sure that “medicines are not always required. If they can get something close by that can be replaced with medicine, they will cure with them. In case that they cannot deal with illnesses by modern medicines, they think they should go to hospitals.”
3. THE MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS OF SILICON
THE MULTIPLE FUNCTIONS OF SILICON
It has been explained that silicon is to be a material of all body tissues and organ cells, and also to removes active oxygen by the powerful anti-oxidative potency.
That silicon is a constituent of human body means that silicon, which is taken in body, repairs damaged cells, and is used as a material when new cells are produced, and also that silicon still repairs damages in blood vessels and regenerates flexible and stout blood vessels.
Thymuses decline with aging but Silicon helps thymuses regenerate themselves and produce new immune cells. Silicon is also used as a material of intestinal tract, which is an important immune tissue.
As “silicon’s powerful anti-oxidative potency” interferes with the reproduction of bacteria, it can conduce to the effect of disinfection, bacteriostatic and purification. Then these result in the great improvement of the immune system. Since silicon also decreases damages and inflammations by active oxygen and helps damages heal, the anti-inflammatory activity and the cellular activity are confirmed.
SILICON AND BONE
“Silicon in bone” has been recognized from early on and has been drawing attention. ‘Collagen’, ‘amino acid’ and ‘calcium’ are basically required to make bone good and strong. Silicon increases bone density by bonding fibered collagen and calcium. Then, it makes high-quality bone having both flexibility and toughness.
SILICON AND BLOOD VESSEL
Blood vessels are important for human internal organs by which silicon is used as an essential material. Blood through blood vessels delivers nutrients to all cells throughout body. Blood vessels are tracts to deliver nutrients and hence essential tissues for humans to sustain life.
Networks of blood vessels throughout body from thick arteries to capillary vessels deliver nutrients, oxygen, hormone and antibodies to each of 60 trillion cells, and carries unnecessary substitutes such as carbon oxygen and waste products out of body. It is surprising that 99% of 10 hundred-thousand kilometers of blood vessels are capillary vessels.
Silicon, which is an essential material of blood vessels, declines with aging. Unless silicon is consciously taken in, decrepit blood vessels by aging cannot be restored and reproduced due to the lack of silicon. Neutral fat and bad cholesterol adhere to old and rigid inner surface of blood vessels and then form plaque –raised lumps, and then an interior of blood vessels becomes narrow. When it happens in arteries, it is called ‘arteriosclerosis’. It is thought that silicon prevents cholesterol that causes arteriosclerosis from getting oxidized and also prevents blood circulation disorder.
SILICON AND ACTIVE OXYGEN
Arteriosclerosis is not always caused by aging. Through our lifestyle, cholesterol adheres to an interior of blood vessels, so the interior becomes narrow and blood vessels itself become harder.
Fat and cholesterol are contained in blood. But if once these are oxidized by active oxygen, fat changes into lipid peroxide and cholesterol changes into LDL-cholesterol –bad cholesterol. These can make blood vessels narrow by adhering to interiors of blood vessels, and cause arteriosclerosis. However, it is thought that we can avoid oxidation of fat and cholesterol by active oxygen if cells of blood vessels are reproduced and blood cells are also renewed by ingesting silicon with powerful anti-oxidative potency.
4. “ACTIVE OXYGEN” – AN ENEMY AGAINST HUMAN BODY
SILICON AND MITOCHONDRIA
Mitochondria are the source of life activities. Mitochondria are one of the intracellular structures contained in cells of most organisms –animals, plants, fungi and such, and they produce energy by breathing in cells. Oxygen, which we breathe, is delivered from lungs to each cell in body by blood and used for fuels to burn sugar and fat by mitochondria.
Human’s cells are said to be 60 trillion cells in body. Each cell has a hundred of mitochondria at least, a few thousand of ones at most.
Mitochondria produce energy by using huge amount of oxygen. However, a great amount of electrons are exchanged at the same time, so active oxygen is forced to be generated. As active oxygen generated in mitochondria damages the mitochondria themselves and decreases these activities, their functions by the energy decline. Silicon has powerful anti-oxidative potency to avoid harms caused by active oxygen.
WHAT IS THE CAUSE OF HEART DISORDER?
Mitochondria exist in 60 trillion cells in human body and produce energy supporting activities of tissues and organs. Less mitochondria exist in less active cells but more mitochondria exist in more active cells requiring a lot of energy. In particular, most mitochondria exist in cardiac muscle, which is the muscle generating the heartbeat. Cardiac muscle works as a pump which keeps circulating blood throughout body without a break even for a moment all day and all night so long as you live. Mitochondria require a huge amount of energy to take on these functions. It is said that mitochondria account for 40% of volume of cardiac muscle cells. When you observe mitochondria through a microscope, you can see that muscle cells are crammed full of mitochondria.
That many mitochondria exist means that they consume plenty of oxygen and produce energy. However, at the same time, plenty of active oxygen is generated as mitochondria are always at that risk. Of course, our body has antioxidants against active oxygen and acts so as to minimize those damages. But those antioxidants decrease with aging.
CRANIAL NERVE IS A BIG EATER, SO GENERATING A LOT OF ACTIVE OXYGEN
Brain is the second most consumer of energy after cardiac muscle. Although brain itself almost never move, it consumes 20% of daily energy. It is well-familiar that professional Shogi and Go players seem to lose 2-3 kilograms of body weight after playing one game. There is not much of the body movement, but an enormous amount of energy is consumed in their brains.
In this way, especially cranial nerve in brain is crammed full of mitochondria. Oxygen always exists wherever energy is generated from oxygen and nutrition. Using plenty of oxygen means that active oxygen is also generated in cranial nerve and oxidizes surrounding tissues and damages them. As silicon has powerful anti-oxidative potency, it is possible to activate weak mitochondria. It is important to remove active oxygen because the cause of functional deterioration is active oxygen.
5. SILICON IS SAFE FOR BODY
SILICON AND IMMUNITY
Silicon comes with a wonderful health effect. That is the effective power of preventing illnesses and recovering from illnesses. That is to say immunity as we know.
Skin is ultimate immune cells separating outside and inside. Without skin, full of pathogens outside such as bacteria and virus can invade a body easily and we are being afflicted by a wide range of infections. It is often said for instance that if 20% of body surface is damaged by burn, a body will be in mortal danger. This exactly means danger of infections. Skin is the forefront of immunity to remove hazardous materials physically and play an important role as a defensive barrier. However, body inside has own strong immune tissues against foreign substances invading a body through the defensive barrier. That is the immune system playing a central role in white blood cells.
As you will understand roughly about immunity, there are basically two types of immunity. One is “natural immunity”. This function is to identify and remove bacteria and virus invading from outside and foreign substances generated inside such as toxicant and harmful substances.
The other is “learned immunity”. This function is to memorize and learn from the invaders which immune tissues have combated with once and remove enemies by the most effective attack at the second time they encounter. For example, it is said “once you have had measles, never again”. That is because the learned immunity enables us to remove enemies like them.
Cells composing these immune systems are produced in bone marrow. A part of immune cells produced in bone marrow is passed into thymuses and get trained to distinguish foreign substances. Then only passed cells become ‘T-cell’. Furthermore it develops into ‘Helper T-cell’ or into ‘killer T-cell’, ‘NK cell’, which specializes in making attacks towards the foreign substances that need to be removed from the body. They exist in blood to prepare for the invasion from the foreign substances.
INTESTINAL TRACT IMMUNITY
In these days, the most remarkable immune tissue is an intestinal tract. An intestinal tract is referred to the organ from a small intestine to a large intestine in digestive organs. It is drawing attention because enormous immune tissues stand ready and act on its intestinal walls.
A quarter of immune tissues throughout body concentrate in a spleen. According to one explanation, it seems that 60% of immune tissues throughout body concentrate in intestinal tract. Most of immune cells concentrate in spleen and intestinal tract and then they circulate through blood vessels and lymph vessels on the base of these organs. Silicon helps dietary fibers function within intestine and works for building up of immunity by improving intestinal conditions.
6. SILICON RECOMMENDED TO TAKE IN
THE SAFETY OF SILICON
Food Sanitation Act by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare notices the safety of silicon. This recognizes by law that silicon is one of “the substances which could not definitely cause health damage”. There are 65 kinds of those substances in total including silicon. As silicon is recognized above, you will understand that silicon is definitely safe.
SILICON CANNOT BE PRODUCED IN OUR OWN BODY
Silicon is one of the essential minerals to produce collagen connected between cells and it is said that in body skin, bones, nails, hair and organs in body have about 18g of silicon in total. Because silicon is absorbed at high level at young age, the whole body is flexible and the skin is soft and resilience and the bones are hard-strong healthy. However, the silicon level in body declines with aging more and more. The absorption and metabolism of silicon decline as the action of hormone dose. Therefore, blood vessels, muscles, articulations of bones, ligaments, hair and nails become more fragile. And then skins get loose, itchy and wrinkled by drying, and bones prone to fracture when we fall down. Silicon must be necessary to develop and maintain bones and blood vessels. Unfortunately, silicon cannot be produced in our own body even though silicon is very important for our body. Thus, we need to take in silicon proactively to build healthy body up.
FOOD, SUPPOSED TO BE GOOD FOR HEALTH, CONTAINS MUCH SILICON
In a general, silicon is contained in crust, especially rich in stones. We take in organosilicon which plants absorb as nutrients from soil. Rich-silicon plants are often said to be healthy food. Especially seaweeds, mushrooms, vegetables, fruits, grains and such contain much silicon. As we see above, our physical health and silicon both are closely related. Agaricus, garlics and brown rice are often said to be good for health. According to the component-analysis, it has shown that the silicon content is greatly plentiful. In other words, we can say that the source of health promotion is silicon. In Germany, silicon-contained products have kept the top seller in all health products for last 10 years, and the people have them as household medicines at home.